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Do math only if the cell has particular color? [closed]

asked 2020-08-13 17:53:20 +0200

multifrag gravatar image

updated 2020-09-26 11:52:37 +0200

Alex Kemp gravatar image


I would like to know if it is possible to have a formula similar to this :


If A1 = Red, do the math, otherwise the cell is empty. I've tried scouring the forum for an answer and couldn't find anything similar.

Thank you

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Closed for the following reason the question is answered, right answer was accepted by igorlius
close date 2020-09-06 19:03:47.749393

2 Answers

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answered 2020-08-14 21:56:50 +0200

igorlius gravatar image

updated 2020-08-30 22:27:19 +0200


the following macro function (see end of this post) does what you want. Just put it into Tools -> Macros -> "Edit Macros" and you can call it from inside any cell via

=IFCOLOR("A2","ff0000", A2/A3,-1)
  • The 1st argument is the cell to check quoted as a string
  • The 2nd argument is a hexadecimal color value quoted as a string To view or set the hex value of a cell open the color picker ref1. ref2..
  • the 3rd argument is the result to set when the background color matches
  • the 4th argument is the result to set when the background color deos not match

Example Screenshot:
image description

Here the macro function you have to import:

Function IFCOLOR(cellName As String, hexColor As String, ifValue as variant, elseValue as variant)

    REM remove trailing spaces 
    cellName = Trim(cellName)
    hexColor = UCase(Trim(hexColor))

    Dim decColor As Long

    REM check length
    if (Len(hexColor) <> 6) then
        SUMIFCOLOR = "ERR: invalid hex code, length <> 6"
        Exit Function

    REM check chars
    For i = 1 To Len(hexColor)
        c = Mid(hexColor, i, 1) 
        Select Case c
            Case "0","1","2","3","4","5","6","7","8","9","A","B","C","D","E","F"
            Case Else
            SUMIFCOLOR = "ERR: invalid hex code, invalid hex char"
            Exit Function
        End Select

    REM convert to long
    decColor = CLng("&H" & hexColor)  REM convert to long

    REM sum result 
    sum = 0.0

    Set oSheet = ThisComponent.CurrentController.ActiveSheet
    Set oCell = oSheet.getCellRangeByName(cellName)

    if(oCell.CellBackColor = decColor) then
        IFCOLOR = ifValue
        IFCOLOR = elseValue

End Function

Hope that helps.

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nice work :-)

the OP request may be questionable ... don't get used to use such things ... but as it came up ... having a solution is fine,

(deccolor is a cruel attribute, hex would be easier)

newbie-02 gravatar imagenewbie-02 ( 2020-08-20 12:09:38 +0200 )edit

The hex value can be converted using the DECIMAL() function, like DECIMAL("C9211E";16)

erAck gravatar imageerAck ( 2020-08-20 13:51:45 +0200 )edit

Nice. I did not know about the DECIMAL() function. I'll update the answer to make it more userfriendly. In the end ii went with the the HEX2DEC function, becasue one less argument. - In my personal opinion calling createUnoService for one function ... make the whole solution a bit bloated but .... as long as it works.

igorlius gravatar imageigorlius ( 2020-08-20 14:40:01 +0200 )edit

Just as a side note, HEX2DEC() does not accept an optional "0x..." prefix which DECIMAL(...;16) does; I meant that rather as a user-provided argument conversion than being part of the macro function.

However, the bloated callFunction() call is unnecessary as BASIC has a CLng() function to convert a hex string if it is prefixed with "&H", so this instead of ofa.callFunction() should work:

decColor = CLng("&H" & hexColor)

(untested in the context of the macro function).

erAck gravatar imageerAck ( 2020-08-20 19:27:21 +0200 )edit

I keep learning new stuff. Thanks. I'll test your suggestion and update the snippet when it works.

[Update 1] This looks much nicer with the CLng() function. I also added some crude checks to give quick error feedback. I might add some checks for the range argument later. Improvement suggestions are very much welcome.

[Update 2] i changed the macro a bit to make it a more direct answer for the question. It now has a very similar call syntax to the one requested in the question. Also i moved the previous macro function here, because the question is a better fit for it.

igorlius gravatar imageigorlius ( 2020-08-20 19:47:28 +0200 )edit

answered 2020-08-13 18:05:03 +0200

Opaque gravatar image

updated 2020-08-13 18:11:02 +0200


no - this is not possible with standard functionality. All calculations are done using values of cells and not with attributes of cells (and the background / text color is an attribute of a cell).

PS I'm purposely not talking about user code (macros) and defining a function, which might provide values(!) of attributes. And I can't resist to say, that the idea itself is questionable. If you format a cell a certain way, I'd assume you have some condition to do so. Hence try to use the same condition, which forces the formatting, in your IF statement.

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Thank you for the answer

multifrag gravatar imagemultifrag ( 2020-08-13 18:07:40 +0200 )edit

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Asked: 2020-08-13 17:53:20 +0200

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Last updated: Aug 30 '20