# Use IF statements to change text colour?

Hello, I have a budget document that I have made.

In the cell displaying the total income result after expenses, I want the cell to display the numeric text in GREEN if the number is 0 or above, or RED if the number is below zero/ “in the negatives”.

I am guessing some kind of IF function would do the job, I just don’t know how to make the IF function change the colour of the numeric text.

Let’s say the cell containing the total was cell A10, the formula might be something like this…

=IF(A10>=0, “green”, “red”)

Of course, this formula would only display the word “green” or “red”, instead of actually changing the colour of the number displayed…

Also, how do I use the IF statement in conjunction with the calculation needed to produce the total?
Let’s say that cell A8 is the cell containing total income, cell A9 contains the total expenses, and cell A10 contains the result of income-expenses (A8-A9). How do I separate the IF function needed to change the colour of the numeric text from the subtraction formula used to produce the total? Will an ampersand do, like this?

A8-A9 & =IF(A10>=0, “green”, “red”)

Thanks for your time and effort!

Conditional formatting is what you want. Press F1 with a Calc document open and search conditional format

I couldn’t get the text to change colour using conditional formatting, but I could get the background behind the text to do so.
If there is a way to do so using conditional formatting, could someone please spell it out for me? I can’t seem to find any options to change text colour using conditional formatting.
I found another way to make the text go red when the number within the cell is below 0: Format > Cells > Numbers tab > Negative numbers red

Now I just need to figure out how to make positive numbers go green… any suggestions?

Without using a macro you can only style by value. For this select the cells you want to color, then go here:

then

Edit Apply Style New Style...

then

Font Effects tab Font color: (select a color).

Learning about Macros is harder, much harder but much is possible with macros (e.g. Basic code).

This just isn’t working for me. It applies the colour to several cell ranges that are not selected, and it applies the colour to cells that have different values than specified. HELP!

To change the text color based on if the value is positive, negative or 0, you may use format codes, like this:

[GREEN]0;[RED]-0;[BLUE]0

For this specific use case, I suppose it’s superior to using conditional formatting, that are much more powerful and flexible, but overkill here.

To input Format Codes for a given cell: Format > Cells > Numbers tab, then enter the desired Format Code in the box provided at the bottom of the page.