In Access you can open a form by double clicking a control, such as a textbox. Is there anything similar in Base
There are methods to do this.
Not using macros →
[Tutorial] Standalone Forms / Switchboard
Couple of methods using macros → Base macro that opens a new/clean record in another form. This link has samples which open a form at an existing record or a new record.
You will not find items in Base the same as Access. You can do a lot of the same things but will take, in some cases, considerably more effort or coding.