# Convert decimal to ieee745

Do you know somebody who knows somebody who might be able to explain this answer to me?

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Is it a two byte representation of the floating point numbers?
I had use the 4 byte (single precision) numbers for the ModBus communication, and a special 3 byte number representation one for the Honeywell DE (Digital Enchanced) protocoll. And of course I know the 8 byte (double precision) version, what the LO Calc uses.
.
But i never heard about the 2 byte representation of the floating point numbers. Where and how you want to use it?

That example is incomplete and just the upper two bytes of a 32-bit float where 85 decimal is represented as 0x42AA0000 (binary 0 10000101 01010100000000000000000).

Here is a sample file embedded some StarBasic functions to convert Single and Double precision numbers to Hexadecimal strings.
The macros use the Pipe technology.
Pipe2.ods (18.5 KB)
(Fixed - I hope it)

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Just needs to replace `ClosePipe` with `CloseMyPipe` in one place (in `PipeSingle2HexStr`).

A possible problem could be handling of endianness on some (less common) platforms. But hopefully, the `XData*Stream` will handle that cross-platform.

Sorry, I just tried to copy the macros from the MyMacros, but with different name… (The “original name” was ClosePipe in the MyMacros)

I need to do the conversion within the spreadsheet

Please do not use the Answer or Suggest a solution field for comments that are not an answer to the original question / solution to the problem, use Comment instead. Thanks.

The conversion itself is fairly simple in Python:

``````def float_to_hex(f):
return hex(struct.unpack('<I', struct.pack('<f', f))[0])

def double_to_hex(f):
return hex(struct.unpack('<Q', struct.pack('<d', f))[0])
``````

You’d need to either create a Calc Add-In extension of that, or glue Python calls into a BASIC user defined function (UDF) callable from Calc. You might get some ideas from Basic to Python.
See also Macros/Python Guide/Calling Python from Basic - The Document Foundation Wiki.

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Here is an extension built using this method:
pyFloatToHex.oxt.ods (2.6 KB) (updated to include the improvements from @karolus)

Remove the “ODS” extension to have `pyFloatToHex.oxt`, and use `FLOATTOIEEE754HEX` and `DOUBLETOIEEE754HEX`.

This gives the same results as the nice macro by @Zizi64 in #13. The advantage of the extension is much better performance (about 100 times faster on my system: 1 000 000 random numbers take ~1000 s with the macro, ~11 s with the extension). The advantage of the macro is its self-containment (the file with the macro is all that you need, no matter on which system you open it).

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I can understand most of the files in your extension. But i have not any clue how to create/generate a XPyFloatToHex.rdb file. There is a description for this task somewhere? …Maybe I asked it in the past…
I want to learn about creating Python extensions.

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sofar it makes no difference in the output if I use …:08X or …:X ?? but the first variant is slower!

@karolus thanks, updated to use that syntax.

@Zizi64: the older method is described in https://www.openoffice.org/udk/common/man/tools.html#idlc.
But I used the newer `unoidl-write`: from the SDK command prompt, I run

``unoidl-write "C:\Program Files\LibreOffice\program\types.rdb" D:\pyFloatToHex\XPyFloatToHex.idl D:\pyFloatToHex\XPyFloatToHex.rdb``
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And for completeness, the third practical option listed in @erAck 's answer. We place in the document (for example, using APSO) the utils.py module containing the functions from @karolus 's answer.
To the Standard library, the Basic module:

``````Option Explicit

Global oScriptDTH As Object

' Returns a string of 16 hexadecimal digits corresponding to
' the internal representation of double.
Function DoubleToHex(ByVal d As Double) As String
If oScriptDTH Is Nothing Then
oScriptDTH = ThisComponent.getScriptProvider.getScript("vnd.sun.star.script:utils.py\$doub_hex?language=Python&location=document")
End If
DoubleToHex=oScriptDTH.invoke(Array(d), array(), array())
End Function
``````
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sorry…one more suggestion:

``````…
@staticmethod # with staticmethod …
def FloatToIEEE754Hex( f ): # … no  ***self***argument``````
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Thank you!
The unoidl-write works for me in the 7.4.6 version of the LO.

Note that `unoidl-write` format is only supported since LO 4.1; I assume that AOO would not support it. The extensions created using the new tool would need a `LibreOffice-minimal-version` with value of no less than `4.1`.

Note also that the older `idlc` tool is discontinued in LO SDK since 7.5.