A page style applies to a group of pages between two “strong” forcing page breaks.
These “strong” page breaks are created with
Manual Break, not with the common
Page Break. The manual break dialog allows to select the page style to apply after the break.
Consequently, if your last page is not preceded by such a “forcing” page break, the page style is applied to all preceding page down to the closest forcing page break or the beginning of the document.
The Next style: parameter has nothing to do with the manual style application. It is part of an automation process where you request that a page style is effective only for one page and subsequent pages will be laid out according to the designated page style without manual intervention. This is very useful e.g. for first chapter pages where you may want to suppress header (or footer) while retaining it for running chapter pages.
If your page style has effect only on the first page (which confuses you), this is a combination of both issues: no forcing page break before the last page and automatic switch to Default Page Style after a full page-content.
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